Cyprus: Anti-corruption protests after Al Jazeera passport expose

The protests followed repeated calls for Cyprus’s second in command Demetris Syllouris to step down.

Hundreds of people have gathered in the Cypriot capital, Nicosia, to protest against corruption following an investigation by Al Jazeera implicating high-ranking officials in passport sales.

The investigation, The Cyprus Papers Undercover, showed Speaker of the House of Representatives Demetris Syllouris and Member of Parliament Christakis Giovanis (also referred to as Giovani) being willing to help criminals obtain passports via Cyprus’s citizenship through investment programme.

Reporting from Nicosia, Al Jazeera’s David Harrison said the protesters on Wednesday chanted slogans demanding resignations.

“[They say] they’re sick of corruption,” Harrison said. “They want a cleaner Cyprus, they want these people out.”

Since the investigation’s release on Monday, the government has abolished the investment scheme and Giovanis has resigned from his position.

However, Syllouris said he would only abstain from his duties from October 19, pending the results of an investigation. This announcement led to calls from both within his own party as well as the opposition to resign.

On Monday, Cyprus’s President Nicos Anastasiades was caught on camera, telling journalists not to ask him questions about the scandal.

“Don’t mention Al Jazeera to me, so the devil will not take you,” he was heard saying.

An assistant to Anastasiades later said the president was joking, according to local media.

Monday’s expose came after Al Jazeera released The Cyprus Papers in August, a leak of almost 1,500 passport applications in Cyprus, which showed that the country sold passports to, among others, convicted criminals and people wanted by Interpol.

Passports for investors

The investigation into the sale of Cypriot passports showed how the citizenship through investment programme could possibly be abused by criminals, as long as enough money was invested.

Using undercover operatives who said they represented a Chinese businessman who was sentenced to seven years in prison, Al Jazeera managed to arrange meetings with some of the country’s highest-ranking officials.

Despite the fact the conviction should disqualify the applicant, Syllouris, Giovanis and several others including a lawyer and real estate developer, repeatedly told the undercover operatives that if enough money was invested, the client would be able to obtain a Republic of Cyprus passport – and, in turn, grant them access to European markets.

The citizenship through investment programme has been regularly criticised by the European Union and anti-corruption organisations, which have claimed the scheme increases the risk of money laundering through Europe’s financial institutions.

On Tuesday, one day after the investigation was published, Cyprus abolished its scheme and Attorney General George Savvidis announced an investigation into possible criminal offences.

The European Commission said on Tuesday it “watched in disbelief how high-level officials were trading European citizenship for financial gains”.

It added: “The Commission is currently looking at compliance with EU law of the Cypriot scheme in view of possible infringement proceedings.”

Dutch Member of European Parliament Sophie in ‘t Veld told Al Jazeera: “[The film] fully exposes the ‘citizenship by investment’ schemes for what they really are: a cover operation for bringing criminals and criminal money into the EU.”

Several other European countries such as Malta and Bulgaria have similar investment programmes in place.

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